Are you wondering why your Fly Predators haven't hatched yet and want to know how to help them hatch quicker? Jess our Fly Predator Scientist has the answers...
Why Fly Predator Hatch Times Vary
The species that comprise Fly Predators have a life cycle that is very dependent on overall average temperatures. At ideal conditions (around 85°F) it takes a minimum of 2 weeks for the Fly Predator to develop from egg to adult. At much cooler temperatures, they can take 6 weeks or more to hatch.
Generally, we try to send out Fly Predators that have already been incubated for about a week, so that in the warm summer months, they will begin hatching within 5 days of arrival. However, temperatures during travel and temperatures where they are being kept can have large impacts on how quickly Fly Predators hatch. During the first shipment of the season, it’s not unusual for your Fly Predators to take 10 to 14 days after arrival to emerge. It’s much faster than that during the heat of August.
How Do I Help My Fly Predators Hatch Quicker?
If your weather is warm and you want to make sure your Fly Predators hatch as quickly as possible, keep them at a consistently warm temperature once you receive them. Don’t put them in direct sun as this can make them too hot while in the bag. On top of a refrigerator is a cozy place, but write a note so you don’t forget them.
If your weather is cooler than normal, particularly if you have a chance of freezing night time temperatures, you will want to slow down the hatching of your Fly Predators. If they traveled through cool temperatures on their way to you (which often happens in the early spring and late fall), even once kept consistently warm, it may take 2 weeks or more for your Fly Predators to hatch. If kept outside once they arrive, and night time temperatures are still falling down into the 50’s, this could also result in delayed hatching, even if daytime temperatures are getting into the 70’s or higher. You can match the speed of emergence to match your weather, which is also how quickly your pest flies will be emerging.
Bottom line: don’t worry if your Fly Predators don’t hatch right away in the spring and fall. Try to keep them in a consistently warm location, such as on top of a refrigerator or other electrical appliance that generates a little heat (just don’t cook them).
What Is Pigeon Fever?Pigeon Fever can be fatal. It has been endemic in Texas, California, Colorado in years past and high levels of cases spreading into Kentucky, Louisiana, Montana, New Mexico, and Oregon. Cases have also been reported in Idaho, Nebraska, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming. You can get educated about Pigeon Fever and not be a statistic.Scientifically referred to as Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, the disease is named after it's most common external abscess developing in the pectoral region because the swelling closely resembles a pigeon ***. Though the disease most often takes affect externally, internal infections can occur with fatality rates up to 40%.Flies are the vectors of carrying this disease. There is currently no licensed vaccine available in the US so take preventative measures again flies and mitigate the changes of your horses contracting this highly contagious disease.What Are The Symptoms?The Pigeon Fever disease takes on three forms; limb infections, external abscesses and internal infection. Horses often develop a severe lameness, fever, lethargy, and anorexia with this disease. It is common one or both hind limbs are affected with extreme swelling and cellulitis. External abscess of the chest is the most common but are abscesses are not exclusive to that region and horses can develop abscesses in multiple locations. Be Safe. Preventative Measures To Take.By simply improving your manure management, a little cleaning up here and there with proper manure removal, you'll cull much of your fly breeding areas and therefore the number of flies on your property. Keeping your manure in a neat pile for composting and/or spreading the manure in fields before a series of dry days will also significantly decrease the locations flies can breed on your property.Implement the use of beneficial insects like Fly Predators®. Sprinkle the naturally occurring Fly Predators in areas on your property where flies breed once a month to organically minimize your fly population by about 75%.For the few remaining flies that beneficial insect and improved manure management don't get or those that might be coming from your neighbors, use fly traps. Not all fly traps are created equal and they need to be put in the right places to work. Use Odor Traps for house flies about 50 feet away from your stable. Hang Sticky Traps in your stable. The Biting Stable Fly Traps need to be placed no higher than 4 feet off the ground and put them in breezeway doors or near pastures or corrals.
Recently there has been increased interest in the injuries, including fractures that occur at our racetracks. This has agitated many people and caused some to campaign against the sport.
Those who are concerned about the problem, and frankly, all persons involved in horse racing an any way, should read Sports Medicine for Performance Horses, a book by William E. Jones, DVM, Ph.D., Paperback version by Doc Jones Publishing 2012.
This book effectively explains and updates the scientifically based information on how improper nutrition, exercise routines, training techniques, and inappropriate medications may cause or worsen the problem.
It is understandable why many people involved in horseracing will, in attempting to improve the horse’s speed, endurance, and welfare, impose untested training methods, dietary supplements, and other routines in an attempt to increase racing success, but, some of these unproven factors may actually increase the incidence of racetrack breakdowns.
Dr. Jones’ book will help to reduce the sad incidence of racetrack disasters.
During my practice career I treated countless hundreds, perhaps thousands of horses for colic (acute gastric or intestinal pain). Most survived, but many died. A majority was due to human error. The caretakers made avoidable mistakes.
Similar errors also resulted in many cases of laminitis and unless promptly diagnosed and treated, many laminitis (“founder”) cases ended up permanently lame due to anatomical foot damage.
I saw wild mustangs in my lifetime, in their natural environments, but I never saw one foundered or one that died from either colic or laminitis.
I have asked many people that have had extensive experience with mustangs in their natural environment (rangeland), if they have ever seen a wild mustang founder or die of colic in their natural environment. The consistent answer was, “No!”
The changes that occur in nature are gradual. Forage erupting green, after a long dry spell, comes up gradually. Grasses erupt with seed gradually. New tasty plants appear gradually. When, in captivity, horses are exposed to sudden dietary changes because of human policy, horses may not be able to cope with the change. The microflora within their digestive tract, which pre-digest much of what horses eat, are specific for that kind of plant matter. Then, the horse may not be able to cope with the dietary change. The result, so common in horses and other herbivorous domestic grazing animals, may be an attack of an acute, painful, and potentially deadly malady such as colic or laminitis.
Because I experienced so many such cases as a veterinarian, I developed a fear of such cases as laminitis, bloat, colic in horses, over-eating certain plant species at certain times of the year, and – above all, making abrupt changes in the time that such animals are fed, plus changes in diet. Such changes involve plant species, season of the year, harvesting methods, preparation of the forage (dried? baled? pelleted? ground? mixed with other vegetation species? etc. etc.).
Because I owned livestock I was attached to during my lifetime, including many breeds of horses, mules, donkeys, cattle, goats, I became obsessive about creating unusual or too prompt dietary changes. For example:
So I will take two or three days to introduce them to a new hay delivery, even if it is exactly the same hay.
Am I an extremist?
I have never, ever, EVER had one of my equines suffer from a case of colic!
I have never had one of my equines suffer laminitis.
Such prudent, cautions not only avoid attacks of colic or laminitis, but also many other nutritionally based problems.
This is, I believe, so important, that I will repeat the precautions:
ALL feed changes should be made gradually. Take a full week or more to make the changes. This includes:
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